Investigation of Kinesiophobia, State and Trait Anxiety Levels in Patients with Lower Extremity Ligament Injury or Fracture History
Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Department, Hasan Kalyoncu University, Gaziantep, Turkey
Keywords: Trauma, ligament injury, fracture, kinesiophobia, anxiety
Objective: Kinesiophobia and fear to return to activity are common problems encountered following musculoskeletal injuries. The relationship between kinesiophobia and some psychological parameters has been investigated in the individuals with a history of ligament injury or fracture of lower extremity.
Material and method: The study included 120 individuals (60 female, 60 male), 40 individuals with a history of ligament injury, 40 individuals with a history of fractures in the lower extremities and 40 healthy individuals. The participants were evaluated with Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK) and the State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI -I&STAI-II). Number of fractures or ligament injuries, time of injury, time elapsed from the diagnosis and the duration of treatment were noted.
Results: There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of STAI-I and STAI-II scores (p>0.05), however there were significant differences between groups in terms of TSK scores (p=0.001). There were no correlation between STAI-I and TSK scores and STAI-II and TSK scores (p>0.05). TSK scores of the individuals with a history of fracture were significantly higher than other groups (p=0.007). There were no significant differences between the TSK scores in terms of fracture location and ligament injury (p>0.05).
Conclusion: It has been concluded that kinesiophobia was not related to emotional status and anxiety levels. Higher kinesiophobia scores of the individuals who had fractures could be related to longer periods of treatment.
Cite this article as: Turhan B, Usgu G, Usgu S et al. Investigation of kinesiophobia, State and Trait Anxiety levels in patients with lower extremity ligament injury or fracture history. Turk J Sports Med. 2019;54(3):175-82.