Paget - Schroetter Syndrome in Athletes (Primary Effort Thrombosis)
Şeyma Torgutalp1, Melda Pelin Yargıç1, Gürhan Dönmez1, Mahmut Nedim Doral2
1Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Spor Hekimliği Anabilim Dalı, Ankara, Turkey
2Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Ortopedi Anabilim Dalı, Ankara, Turkey
Keywords: Paget-Schroetter syndrome, effort, thrombosis, subclavian vein
Paget-Schroetter syndrome, also known as axillary-subclavian venous thrombosis or effort thrombosis, is a condition that develops frequently in healthy, young individuals, especially after repetitive abduction movement of the dominant upper extremity. Anatomical or hematological factors play role in the pathogenesis of Paget-Schroetter syndrome. Although various treatment modalities have been mentioned in different reports, there is no consensus on treatment. Early diagnosis of Paget-Schroetter syndrome is crucial to start treatment as soon as possible, as serious complications such as pulmonary embolism, cerebral embolism and post-thrombotic syndrome may develop in untreated or inadequately treated patients. In this review article, we aimed to draw attention to the importance of Paget-Schroetter Syndrome in terms of pathogenesis, factors facilitating the formation, clinics, diagnostic methods, treatment options and early diagnosis.